Uncovered Texas


Oil Tanker Service, Early

Part of the huge transportation complex that moves petroleum to world markets. Traffic in oil tankers and barges in Texas mushroomed two months after the state's first oil gusher, "Spindletop," roared in. On March 11, 1901, the first boat to transport the Spindletop product, "The Atlas," left Sabine....

Historical Marker - Port Arthur.

Spindletop to Port Arthur Oil Pipeline Corridor

" On January 10, 1901, the landscape of Texas changed forever. On that day, the Lucas Gusher came through at the Spindletop oilfield, discovered on a salt dome formation near Beaumont. Flowing at an estimated 100,000 barrels a day, the Lucas Gusher marked the beginning of a Texas oil boom that would....

Historical Marker - Port Arthur.

Trost, Francis John (Frank), (June 24, 1868 - August 4, 1944)

"Francis John (Frank) Trost (June 24, 1868 - August 4, 1944) Frank Trost, the photographer of record on the day the Lucas Gusher erupted in the Spindletop Oil Field, came to Port Arthur in 1895 from Kansas City, Missouri, where he had been involved in real estate. He opened a photography studio at t....

Historical Marker - Port Arthur.

Port Arthur Refinery, The

The eruption of the Lucas Gusher at the Spindletop Oil Field in January 1901 established Texas as a major oil source and signaled the beginning of a significant economic boom to the state. The new town of Port Arthur benefited tremendously from its proximity to the oil field. In early 1901, a consor....

Historical Marker - Port Arthur.

Powell Oil Field, The

One of the world's most noted petroleum fields. Discovered 1905; developed in three periods. A number of early shallow wells (800' - 1,000' in Nacatoch sand), drilled by Claude Witherspoon, are still producing. Field's second and greatest era came as a result of three heartbreaking years of drilling....

Historical Marker - Powell.

Roaring Ranger

Boom of high excitement and strategic importance. When oil demand was high during World War I, Texas Pacific Coal Company general manager W.K. Gordon, a believer in deep drilling, persuaded his company to make the venture that started Ranger's oil boom at McClesky No. 1 (1 mi. S). This blew in, Octo....

Historical Marker - Ranger.

Yates Hotel

Built as showplace by Ira Yates, for boom crowds drawn by his $15,000,000 gusher of 1926, on dry ranch with which he was "stuck" in swap off of a general store. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1964....

Historical Marker - Rankin.

Weir No. 1 Oil Well

Except for the original Yates Ranch gusher of 1926, most dramatic oil discovery in Upton County. Brought in December 6, 1961. West of this site 3.5 miles. First quadruple completion of petroleum engineers the most important development of the year 1961-- and the most prolific discovery in many years....

Historical Marker - Rankin.

Abrams, W. H., Well No. 1

In 1920, Texas & Pacific Railway official William H. Abrams (1843-1926) of Dallas owned this old plantation land, then considered fit only for pasture. He leased mineral rights to the Texas Company (now Texaco, Inc.), whose drilling reached a climax on July 20, 1920. At 7:45 that evening a massive j....

Historical Marker - West Columbia.


Situated on grant given 1834 by Mexico to Robert B. Longbotham (1797-1883), a Texas colonist from England who settled here in 1839. Years later, in 1871, when Houston & Texas Central Railway was planned through the area, R. B. Longbotham sold right of way through his land for token sum of $5, and to....

Historical Marker - Wortham.

Browse thousands of old postcards from around the Lone Star State. See how tourist and local folks shared their Texas story.

Explore the many missions, forts and presidios that explorers and soldiers constucted to settle the lands now called Texas.

Tour the history of Texas through the text of the thousands of historical markers found all across the Lone State State.

Discover the deserted, forgotten and abandoned towns of Texas. Some vanished over night while others slowly slipped away.