Uncovered Texas

Port Arthur


Lucas Gusher


Discovery well of the Spindletop Oil Field and the first important well on the Gulf Coast. It blew in on Jan. 10, 1901, flowing 100,000 barrels of oil a day from a depth of 1020 feet. The oil production which resulted made Beaumont a city and the Sabine District a major oil refining and exporting center of the world. The Lucas Gusher was drilled by the Hamill Brothers, contractors, under the direct supervision of Captain Anthony F. Lucas for Guffey and Galey of Pittsburgh, on the McFaddin, Weiss and Kyle lease.

Beaumont, Texas

Jefferson County

Year Erected: 1936

Marker Type: 1936 Centennial Marker

Discover More Beaumont History


Browse thousands of old postcards from around the Lone Star State. See how tourist and local folks shared their Texas story.


Explore the many missions, forts and presidios that explorers and soldiers constucted to settle the lands now called Texas.


Tour the history of Texas through the text of the thousands of historical markers found all across the Lone State State.


Discover the deserted, forgotten and abandoned towns of Texas. Some vanished over night while others slowly slipped away.